The emerald is a popular natural gemstone mostly known for its light to dark green color. It is categorized as a beryl stone with a hardness of 7.5 to 8, and together with the ruby and the sapphire, they are the so-called “big three gemstones.”
CUT: This gemstone is so popular that gemcutters created a new type of cut for it: the so-called “emerald cut.” It is a rectangle or a square with cut corners, which highlight the color and the luster of the emerald while also protecting the gemstone from mechanical load. However, traditional round and oval cuts are also used, as well as the less common, so-called fancy cuts, such as hearts, marquises, or teardrops (you’ll find teardrop cuts in pendants in particular).
CARAT: The weight of the emerald, similarly to other gemstones, is expressed in carats (ct) to the second decimal place. 1 ct = 0.2 g. For jewels with more than one emerald and for pairs of earrings, we always state the total number of carats of all stones.
CARE: One of the distinguishing features of natural emeralds that gives them their uniqueness is an increased amount of cracks and inclusions. Emeralds are fragile and quite sensitive: they don’t take well to bumps or hot water. Therefore, we recommend being extremely careful when wearing your emerald jewels (mainly rings). However, it is possible to make cracked stones look more solid by submerging them in oil or resin.